‘Is there one effective style of leadership?’ This is always a debatable question. Presently, scholars and practitioners suggest that the right type of leadership varies depending on the development stage of the organization. For example, Rodrigues is of the opinion that it needs different types of leaders during different stages of a company’s development. According to him, an organization goes through three stages of change namely, problem-solving stage, an implementation-of-solution stage and a stable stage. Therefore, Rodrigues proposes three types of leaders in any organization within a dynamic environment. The leadership types include – the innovator(s), the implementor(s) and the pacifier(s) (Source –Mullins, 2005).
Further, the qualities, behavioral tendency, attitudes and abilities differ for each of these types of leadership. Briefly, the characteristics of the three types of leaders are as follows :
The characteristics of this type of leader includes – being competitive and having a strong desire to succeed. Moreover, he or she looks for new ideas, is bold and willing to take risks. In addition, he or she believes that the environment can be controlled or manipulated. Rodrigues states that this type is more suitable for an organization that requires problem-solving or new ideas.
This type of leader tries to control and influence a situation and has the ability to get things done through people. In addition, he or she is responsible and willing to take responsibilities for decisions. Hence, this type of leader is required for implementing new ideas propounded by the Innovator.
This type of leader is friendly and socially interactive. He or she decentralizes decisions and bases further decisions on feedback from others. Further, the leader makes people to feel competent to perform their tasks. Besides, the team members are willing to work with minimum direction from the leader. Generally, this leadership style is effective once the Implementor has brought the organization into systematic functioning.
Now, based on the ideas of Rodrigues, a questionnaire covering the three types of leadership is designed. This sample questionnaire has 30 statements on a five-point scale. However, you may feel free to modify or use it as it is, to suit your needs.
Mullins. L.J. (2010). Management & Organisational Behaviour Ninth Edition. Pearson Education Limited. [online]. Available from: https://laurie%20j.%20mullins%20management%20&%20organisational%20behaviour%20(%20PDFDrive.com%20).pdf